Directory of Pressure Groups in the European Community

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It serves as a veritable tool for adjusting skills, age and sectoral composition of national and regional labour markets, all of which when put together provide an enabling environment for the economic development of any society. Some of these contributions were in huge amounts; around half of it came from individuals, the rest from corporations and unions. 88 From the perspective of reformers, soft money was corrupting. Among the provisions included in the amendments the more significant ones empower the parliament to abolish the monarchy, if found plotting against the CA elections, and declare the country a federal democratic republic, subject to ratification by the elected CA, or even before that by a two-thirds legislators if the King poses a threat to the elections.

The Citizen Lobbyist: A How-to Manual for Making Your Voice

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During Houphouët-Boigny’s rule, a sharp divide emerged around the claim to Ivoirian national identity, or “Ivoirité.” Southerners redefined the term, which traditionally referred to a common Ivoirian culture and was inclusive of foreigners, to exclude Ivoirians from the north and west parts of the country. Opposition Research: Know Thy Enemy (and Especially Thy Enemy's Arguments) 5.17 Public Policy Research-Step 1: Survey and Collect Existing Information 5.18 Public Policy Research-Step 2: Identify and Collect Existing Information from Experts 5.19 Public Policy Research-Step 3: Study and Evaluate Existing Sources of Information 5.21 Public Policy Research-Step 4: Develop and Formulate Your Information 5.22 Public Policy Research-Step 5: Update Your Facts, Data, and Arguments 6.5 Legislative Action Planning-Step 1: Obtain Member or Client Input 6.6 Legislative Action Planning-Step 2: Evaluate the Political, Legislative, Regulatory, and Judicial Environments 6.7 Legislative Action Planning-Step 3: Consider Your Organization's History and Capabilities 6.8 Legislative Action Planning-Step 4: Prepare for Planning 6.9 Legislative Action Planning-Step 5: Identify and Prioritize Your Issues 6.10 Legislative Action Planning-Step 6: Develop Legislative and Regulatory Action Plans with Specific Goals for Each Issue 6.11 Legislative Action Planning-Step 7: Emphasize Long-Term Goals 6.12 Legislative Action Planning-Step 8: Establish Short-Term Priorities with Metrics to Measure Achievement 6.13 Legislative Action Planning-Step 9: Regularly Update the Plan 6.14 Legislative Action Planning-Step 10: Communicate Your Successes 7.5 Components for Building and Maintaining an Effective Grassroots Network-1: Identify and Recruit 7.7 Components for Building and Maintaining an Effective Grassroots Network-2: Motivate 7.9 Components for Building and Maintaining an Effective Grassroots Network-3: Organize 7.10 Components for Building and Maintaining an Effective Grassroots Network-4: Educate 7.11 Components for Building and Maintaining an Effective Grassroots Network-5: Energize 7.13 Components for Building and Maintaining an Effective Grassroots Network-6: Recognize 7.14 Components for Building and Maintaining an Effective Grassroots Network-7: Evaluate Chapter 8: Communicate Effectively with Policymakers: Personal Meetings, Letters, Phone Calls, and Electronic Communications 8.3 Making Your Message Stand Out from the Din: Postal and Email Communications to Capitol Hill 1995-2004 8.5 Five Principles for Effective Legislative Communications: The "CHATS" Method for Communicating with Congressional Members and Staff 8.33 How to Construct a Role Play Exercise: Preparing to Meet with a Member of Congress 8.45 Executive Branch Lobbying-Do Your Homework: Understand Existing Administration Policies Chapter 9: Multiply Your Influence: Coalitions and Partners Chapter 10: Media Engagement and Testimony: Perfect Your Public Presence 10.4 Media Relations Principle 1: Understand the Ultimate Goal 10.5 Media Relations Principle 2: Plan and Coordinate 10.6 Media Relations Principle 3: Conduct an Audit Issue 10.8 Media Relations Principle 4: Select a Credible Spokesperson 10.12 Media Relations Principle 5: Know Your Issue and Anticipate Questions 10.14 Media Relations Principle 6: Hone Your Message 10.15 Media Relations Principle 7: Consider and Coordinate Various Media 10.19 Media Relations Principle 8: Get the Word Out Strategically and Target State/District Outlets 10.21 Media Relations Principle 9: Timing Is Everything 10.22 Media Relations Principle 10: Follow-up 10.51 Addressing Elected Officials and Their Spouses: Pronunciations and Protocol 10.68 Sample Table of Contents: Briefing Book for a Congressional Witness 11.27 Recordkeeping Time Lines Checklist, and Confidentiality Appendix 1: Lobbying and Government Relations: Checklist of Basic Lobbying Techniques and Strategies Appendix 3.

Jane Fonda's Words of Politics and Passion

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In an election year marked by a troubled economy and low public approval of the government, it was not surprising that the tenor of the ad campaign was extremely negative. Using an effective cross-border approach, we draw upon talents across Europe, promoting cooperation and information sharing on institution building, political processes, policy development, government communication and citizen participation. Opponents of regulation argue that consumers rely on drug companies to develop new drugs and limiting prices will prevent new lifesaving drugs from being developed.

Keepers of the Flame: Understanding Amnesty International

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A narrative approach to the examination of political advertising: Perspective on the 1990 Gantt/Helms senate campaign. The two main formula types are the greatest remainder method and the highest averages method, although each family type includes several variations in how the conversion takes place. Journalists and others should avoid falling into the trap of equating religious orthodoxy with religious authenticity. While section 4(b) of the VRA was found unconstitutional by the Court, sections 2 and 5 remain.

Watchdogs and Whistleblowers: A Reference Guide to Consumer

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Political Ideology in the United States: Conservatism and Liberalism in the 1980s and 1990s, paper presented at the Conference on Conservatism, Augsburg, May 10 – 11. 2002. The course topics vary depending on the instructor's expertise. This course provides students with opportunities to both investigate successful strategies of historical and contemporary campaigns as well as pragmatically develop their own best practices for campaign leadership and management. In October, judges will be selected by a simple majority of popular vote.

Civil Rights Advocacy on Behalf of the Poor (American

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He also worked as communications director for U. Citizens should be able to access information, influence priorities and hold public officials accountable. His role in health care reform is a case in point. Pierce – As a practicing cancer Doctor, I favor medical insurance that provides basic medical services for all people in Oregon. Some bills (such as the Shays-Meehan bill that passed the 105 th and 106 th Congresses) have sought to codify a definition of "express advocacy" that allows a communication to be considered as a whole, in context of such external events as timing, to determine if it is election-related.

The Beaux-Stratagem (Annotated)

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Corporations, as a class, tend to be more attuned to the complexities of the legislative process and more directly affected by tax and appropriations measures that receive little public scrutiny; they also have vastly more money with which to try to buy access and votes. For examples of the different ways in which interest groups in Texas are using the World Wide Web, explore the links in the Interest Group Diversity feature. An interests group seeks to influence government on a narrow range of issues, whereas a party attempts to win elections A multiple-member district system that allows each political party representation in proportion to its percentage of the total vote.

Antiwar Soldier: How to Dissent Within the Ranks of the

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C.] §441b are thus meant to ensure that competition among actors in the political arena is truly competition among ideas." Abubakar is an INEC national commissioner and chairman of its legal services and clearance committee. 69 It repealed the 2002 Electoral Act and the Independent National Election Commission (Establishment) Act No. 17 of 1998. Moscow: Institut Nauchnoi Informatsii po Obshchestvennym Naukam AN SSSR, 1985, 150-69 (in Russian). "Politika v Oblasti Sovershenstvovaniya Otraslevoi Struktury Narodnogo Khozyaistva" (The Policy of Rationalization of the Branch Structure of the People's Economy).

Activist Superbook Book 1. Activist Guide: The Fight is for

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Seminar on research design for qualitative research in political science. Hacker (Ed.), Presidential candidate images (pp. 133-150). It is also congruent with the social psychological paradigm, which tries to capture politics through its social roots, such as socialization, mobilization, and behavioral analysis. For many years, “women voted the same as men in their communities did,” Gouri said. Citizens United finally claims that disclosure requirements can chill donations by exposing donors to retaliation, but offers no evidence that its members face the type of threats, harassment, or reprisals that might make §201 unconstitutional as applied.

Women's Activism in Latin America and the Caribbean:

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Students will challenge their own preconceived notions and evaluate these constructs in terms of their relevancy to contemporary issues and problems. At a federal level industry groups lobby for their global interests using bodies like the business round table which meets regularly with government and the president. Two of the most widely used drugs in the U. It was frustration with this studied aloofness that eventually ushered in the age of more activist think tanks, beginning especially on the right.
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